Dolcevita, high neck, turtleneck, polo neck are the most common names to define one of the iconic garments that immediately recall the cold season, that pleasant feeling of warmth in which to wrap yourself in the cold winter days.
The origins of this particular kind of sweater are uncertain. Some sources trace them back to the noble game of English polo, when at the end of the 1800s, polo players asked to raise the neck of the shirts worn during matches, to protect themselves from the cold, and for this reason in British English it is called polo neck.
According to others, the high collar was born in the early 1900s from the need of fishermen to warm and protect the neck on cold days, when the wind made difficult to wear a scarf.
But it is Noel Coward, a multifaceted English playwright and actor who transforms it intoan intellectual-chic garment that identifies artists and intellectuals. It is the 1920s, the artistic world is in full fermentation ad new aesthetic standards are being sought.
In Italy, the classic turtleneck sweater is called Dolcevita by the famous Federico Fellini's film. In the final scene of "La dolce vita" Mastroianni wears a dark shirt and a scarf around the neck which, if viewed from a medium distance, look like a turtleneck sweater.
A practical but at the same time refined garment, so that in the cinematographic field it is often possible to see the combination spy-turtleneck, making it enter the collective imagination as an outfit of James Bond's caliber.